Edinburgh

Page

Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland, situated in Lothian on the southern shore of the Firth of Forth. It is the second most populous city in Scotland and the seventh most populous in the United Kingdom. The population in 2012 was 482,640.

Edinburgh

Edinburgh has been recognised as the capital of Scotland since at least the 15th century, but political power moved south to London after theUnion of the Crowns in 1603 and the Union of Parliaments in 1707. After nearly three centuries of unitary government, a measure of self-government returned in the shape of Scottish Parliamentthe devolved Scottish Parliament, which officially opened in Edinburgh in 1999.

The city is also the annual venue of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland and home to many national institutions such as the National Museum of Scotland, the National Library of Scotland and the Scottish National Gallery.

National Museum

Edinburgh’s relatively buoyant economy, traditionally centred on banking and insurance but now encompassing a wide range of businesses, makes it the biggest financial centre in the UK after London.  Many Scottish companies have established their head offices in the city.

Edinburgh is rich in associations with the past and has many historic buildings, including Edinburgh CastleHolyrood Palace, Holyrood Palacethe churches of St. GilesGreyfriars and the Canongate, and an extensive Georgian New Town built in the 18th century.Greyfriars-bobby-edin

Edinburgh’s Old Town and New Town are jointly listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The city has long been known abroad as a centre of education, particularly in the fields of medicine, Scots law, the sciences and engineering. The University of Edinburgh, founded in 1583 and now one of four in the city, was placed 17th in the QS World University Rankings in 2013.  The city is also famous for the Edinburgh International Festival, which, since its inception in 1947, has grown – largely as a result of the “Fringe” and other Edinburgh Fringeassociated events – into the biggest annual international arts festival in the world. In 2004 Edinburgh became the world’s first UNESCO City of Literature, an accolade awarded in recognition of its literary heritage and lively literary activities in the present. The city’s historical and cultural attractions, together with an annual calendar of events aimed primarily at the tourist market, have made it the second most popular tourist destination in the United Kingdom after London, attracting over one million overseas visitors each year.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edinburgh

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s